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Definition

FIAP Definition Monochrome.

    A black and white work fitting from the very dark grey (black) to the very clear grey (white) is a monochrome work with the various shades of grey.

    A black and white work toned entirely in a single colour will remain a monochrome work able to stand in the black and white category; such a work can be reproduced in black and white in the catalogue of a salon under FIAP Patronage.

    On the other hand a black and white work modified by a partial toning or by the addition of one colour becomes a colour work (polychrome) to stand in the colour category; such a work requires colour reproduction in the catalogue of a salon under FIAP Patronage.

FIAP Definition Nature

    Nature photography depicts living, untamed animals and uncultivated plants in a natu「al habitat, geology and the wide diversity of natural phenomena, from insects to icebergs.

    Photographs of animals which are domesticated, caged or under any form of restraint, as well as photographs of cultivated plants are ineligible.

    Minimal evidence of humans Is acceptable for nature subjects, such as barn owls or storks. adapting to an environment modified by humans, or natural forces, like hurricanes or tidal waves, reclaiming it.

    The original image must have been taken by the photographer, whatever photographic medium is used. Any manipulation or modification to the original image is limited to minor retouching of blemishes and must not alter the content of the original scene.

    After satisfying the above requirements, every effort should be made to use the highest level of artistic skill in all nature photographs.

PSA Definition Monochrome

    An image is considered to be Monochrome only if it gives the impression of having no color.

    i.e.contains only shades of gray which can include pure black and pure white

    Or it gives the impression of being a greyscale image that has been toned in one color across the entire image. (For example by Sepia, red, gold, etc.)

    A greyscale or multi-colored image modified or giving the impression of having been modified by partial toning, multi-toning or by the inclusion of spot coloring does not meet the definition of monochrome and shall be classified as a Color Work.

PSA Definition Nature

    Nature photography is restricted to the use of the photographic process to depict all branches of natural history, except anthropology and archeology, in such a fashion that a well-informed person will be able to identify the subject material and certify its honest presentation.

    The story telling value of a photograph must be weighed more than the pictorial quality while maintaining high technical quality.

    Human elements shall not be present, except where those human elements are integral parts of the nature story such as nature subjects, like barn owls or storks, adapted to an environment modified by humans, or where those human elements are in situations depicting natural forces, like hurricanes or tidal waves.

    Scientific bands, scientific tags or radio collars on wild animals are permissible.

    Photographs of human created hybrid plants, cultivated plants, feral animals, domestic animals, or mounted specimens are ineligible, as is any form of manipulation that alters the truth of the photographic statement.

    No techniques that add, relocate, replace, or remove pictorial elements except by cropping are permitted.

    Techniques that enhance the presentation of the photograph without changing the nature story or the pictorial content, or without altering the content of the original scene, are permitted including HDR, focus stacking and dodging/burning.

    Techniques that remove elements added by the camera, such as dust spots, digital noise, and film scratches, are allowed.

    Stitched images are not permitted.

    All images must appear natural.

    Color images can be converted to greyscale monochrome.

    Infrared images, either direct-captures or derivations, are not allowed.

    Images entered in Nature sections meeting the Nature Photography Definition above can have landscapes, geologic formations, weather phenomena, and extant organisms as the primary subject matter. This includes images taken with subjects in controlled conditions, such as zoos, game farms, botanical gardens, aquariums and any enclosure where the subjects are totally dependent on man for food.

PSA Definition Wildlife

    Images entered in Wildlife sections meeting the Nature Photography Definition above are further defined as one or more extant zoological or botanical organisms free and unrestrained in a natural or adopted habitat.

    Landscapes, geologic formations, photographs of zoo or game farm animals, or of any extant zoological or botanical species taken under controlled conditions are not eligible in Wildlife sections.

    Wildlife is not limited to mammals, birds and insects. Marine subjects and botanical subjects (including fungi and algae) taken in the wild are suitable wildlife subjects, as are carcasses of extant species.

PSA Definition Photo Travel

    A Photo Travel image expresses the characteristic features or culture of a land as they are found naturally.

    There are no geographic limitations.

    Images from events or activities arranged specifically for photography, or of subjects directed or hired for photography are not appropriate.

    Close up pictures of people or objects must include features that provide information about the environment.

    Techniques that add, relocate, replace or remove any element of the original image, except by cropping, are not permitted.

    Other derivations, including infrared, are not permitted.

    The only allowable adjustments are removal of dust or digital noise, restoration of the appearance of the original scene, and complete conversion to greyscale monochrome.

    All images must appear natural.

PSA Definition Photojournalism

    Photojournalism entries shall consist of images with informative content and emotional impact, reflecting the human presence in our world. The journalistic (story-telling) value of the image shall receive priority over pictorial quality.

    In the interest of credibility, images that misrepresent the truth, such as those from events or activities specifically arranged for photography or of subjects directed or hired for photography, are not eligible.

    Techniques that add, relocate, replace or remove any element of the original image, except by cropping, are not permitted.

    The only allowable modifications are removal of dust, scratches or digital noise, restoration of the existing appearance of the original scene, sharpening that is not obvious, and conversion to greyscale monochrome.

    Derivations, including infrared, are not eligible.

PSA Definition Creative

    The PSA definition of Creative is “Altered Reality.”

    The image may be of any subject matter and must obviously display a change in natural color, form, shape or any combination of these three.

    All images must be original and may not incorporate elements produced by anyone else.

    Artwork or computer graphics generated by the entrant may be incorporated if the original photographic content predominates. Images may not be constructed entirely within a computer.

    High Dynamic Range (HDR) images without further changes are not considered “Altered Reality.”

    Original image must be made by entrant on photographic emulsion or captured digitally.

    All images must be original and may not incorporate elements produced by anyone else.

    Original images must be altered by the maker; artwork or computer graphics generated by the entrant may be incorporated, if the original photographic content predominates.

    Images may not be constructed entirely within a computer. Image's core content must be identifiable.

    Non-creative images are not eligible for this competition.

    Any subject matter is acceptable as long as the Altered Reality guidelines are apparent.

Definition of Life Photography

    The closest definition of Life photos, pictures of everyday life on which depict people, events, phenomena - Life itself


     


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